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Publications

  • A. Hedayatipour and N. McFarlane, “An Encryption Architecture Suitable for On Chip Integration with Sensors,” in IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, doi: 10.1109/JETCAS.2021.3077023, 2021.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat, M. S. Hasan and N. McFarlane, “Modeling and Simulation of PGSPAD Based Silicon Photomultipliers,” in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Early Access Article, doi: 10.1109/TNS.2021.3058319, 2021.
  • A. Hedayatipour, S. Aslanzadeh, S. H. Hesari, M. A. Haque, and N. McFarlane, “A Wearable CMOS Impedance to Frequency Sensing System for Non-Invasive Impedance Measurements,” in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1108-1121, Oct. 2020.
  • A. Hedayatipour and N. McFarlane, “Wearables for the Next Pandemic,” IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 184457-184474, Oct 2020.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat and N. Mcfarlane, “A Digital CMOS Silicon Photomultiplier Using Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diodes With Asynchronous AER Readout,” in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, doi: 10.1109/TCSI.2020.2997358.
  • A. Haque, N. V. Lavrik, A. Hedaytipour, D. Hensley, D. Briggs, and N. McFarlane, “Carbonization of 3D printed polymer structures for CMOS-compatible electrochemical sensors”,  Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, vol. 38, no. 5,  pg. 052203-1 – 052203-7, Aug  2020.
  • A. Hedaytipour, S. Aslanzadeh, and Nicole McFarlane, “CMOS Based Whole Cell Impedance Sensing: Challenges and Future Outlook,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol 143, 13 pages, Oct, 2019.
  • M. S. Shawkat, M. Habib, M. S. Hasan, A. Haque, and Nicole McFarlane, “Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diodes in Sub-Micron and Deep-Submicron CMOS Processes,” International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems, vol. 27, no. 1840018, pp. 10.1142/S0129156418400189, Sep 2018.
  • D. Brown, A. Hedaytipour, M. B. Majumder, G. S. Rose, Nicole McFarlane, and D. Materassi, “A Practical Realization of a Return Map Immune Lorenz Based Chaotic Stream Cipher in Circuitry,” IET Computer and Digital Techniques} vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 297-305, Oct 2018.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat, M. H. U. Habib, and Nicole McFarlane, “An Analog CMOS Silicon Photomultiplier Using Perimeter-Gated Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, 1vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 3830-3841, Nov 2018
  • M. Habib and N. McFarlane, “Breakdown and Optical Response of CMOS Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diodes,” IET Electronics Letters, vol. e-print ahead of publication, Jul 2017.
  • M. H. U. Habib and N. McFarlane, “A Tunable Dynamic Range Digital Single Photon Avalanche Diode,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 60-63, Jan. 2017.
  • Aysha S. Shanta, Khandakar A. Al Mamun, Syed K. Islam, N. McFarlane, D. Hensley, N. V. Lavrik, “Carbon Nanotubes, Nanofibers and Nanospikes for Electrochemical Sensing: A Review,” International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 1740008 – 1740020, 2017.
  • T. C. Randall, S. K. Islam, I. Mahbub, N. McFarlane, and Y. Yu, A Low-Power, “Reconfigurable, Pipelined ADC for Implantable Bioimpedance Measurement System with Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers (VACNF) Electrodes,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, pp. 1-44, 2016.
  • Y. Yu, K. A. Al Mamun, S. K. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers as Cell Impedance Sensor,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 856-861, Nov. 2016.
  • J. Gu, M. H. U. Habib, and N. McFarlane, “Perimeter-Gated Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes: An Information Theoretic Assessment,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 701-704, March, 15 2016.
  • K. Mamun and N. McFarlane, “Integrated Real Time Bowel Sound Detector for Artificial Pancreas Systems,” Sensing and BioSensing Research, vol. 7, pp. 84-89, Mar 2016.
  • K. A. Al Mamun, S, Islam, D, Hensley, and N. McFarlane, “A Glucose Biosensor Using CMOS Potentiostat and Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers,” IEEE Transactions of Biomedical Circuits and Systems, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 807-816, Aug. 2016.
  • M. Dandin, M. H. U. Habib, N. McFarlane, and P. Abshire, “Characterization of Single Photon Avalanche Diodes in a 0.5 μm Standard CMOS Process – Part 2: Equivalent Circuit Model and Geiger Mode Readout,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 3075-3083, May, 2016.
  • M. H. U. Habib, F. Quaiyum, K. Mamun, S. K. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Simulation and Modeling of Single Photon Avalanche Diodes,” International Journal on High Speed Electronics and Systems, vol 24, no. 3n04, pp. 1520006 – 1520015, Dec 2015.
  • K. A. Mamun, F. S. Tulip, K. C. MacArthur, N. McFarlane, and S. K. Islam, “Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofiber Based Biosensor Platform For Glucose Sensor,” International Journal on High Speed Electronics and Systems, vol 23, no. 1n02, pp. 1450006 – 1450022, 2014.
  • N. Nelson, S. Prakash, D. Sander, M. Dandin, A. Sarje, H. Ji, and P. A. Abshire, “Handheld Fluorometers for Lab-on-a-Chip Applications,” IEEE Transactions of Biomedical Circuits and Systems, vol.3, no. 2, pp. 97-107, Apr 2009.
  • A. Khan, N. Nelson, J. A. Griffin, D. J. Smith, T. Steiner, and S. N. Mohammad, “Nitrogen Activated Bowing Parameter of GaAs1-xNx (x<1\%) Obtained From Photoreflectance Spectra,” Solid-State Electronics, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 291-286, Feb 2004.
  • A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, A. E. Botchkarev, N. Nelson, M. M. E. Fahmi, J. A. Griffin, A.f Khan, S. N. Mohammad, and D. K. Johnstone, “Studies of Deep Centers in Dilute GaAsN and InGaAsN Films Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Solid-State Electronics, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 2155-2160, Dec 2002.
  • A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, A. E. Botchkarev, N. Nelson, M. M. E. Fahmi, J. A. Griffin, A. Khan, S. N. Mohammad, and D. K. Johnstone, “Interface Properties and Deep Levels in InGaAsN/GaAs and GaAsN/GaAs Heterojunctions,” Solid-State Electronics, Dec 2002.
  • A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, A. E. Botchkarev, N. Nelson, M. M. E. Fahmi, J. A. Griffin, A. Khan, S. N. Mohammad,and D. K. Johnstone, “Optical Properties and Defects in GaAsN and InGaAsN Films and Quantum Well Structures,” Solid-State Electronics, Dec 2002.

  • K. Anderson, F. Tamjid and N. McFarlane, “A Concurrent MICS/ISM Dual-Band CMOS Low Noise Amplifier for an Integrated Body Sensor Network,”  IEEE Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Hong Kong, pp. 1000-1002 Nov 2020.
  • S. Aslanzadeh, A. Hedayatipour, and N. McFarlane, “ISFET Digital Readout Circuit with an On-Chip MIPS Processor,” IEEE Sensors Conference, Oct 2020.
  • S. H. Hesari, A. Hedayatipour, M. A. Haque, and N. McFarlane, “A Bulk Driven Transimpedance Amplifier for Portable SiPM Based Detectors,” IEEE Sensors Conference, Oct 2020.
  • A. Hedayatipour, S. Aslanzadeh, and N. McFarlane, “CMOS Integrated Impedance to Frequency Converter for Biomedical Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Seville Spain, 5 pages, Oct 2020.
  • A. Haque and N. McFarlane, “Floating Gate Perimeter Gated Single PhotonAvalanche Diodes,” IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered & Molecular Systems, San Diego USA, Sep 2020. (accepted)
  • M. S. Ara Shawkat, S. Sayyarparaju, N. McFarlane and G. S. Rose, “Single Photon Avalanche Diode based Vision Sensor with On-Chip Memristive Spiking Neuromorphic Processing,” IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Springfield, MA, USA, 2020, pp. 377-380, doi: 10.1109/MWSCAS48704.2020.9184433.
  • S. Aslanzadeh, M. Smalley, A. Hedayatipour and N. McFarlane, “A Portable CMOS Based pH Sensor,” IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Springfield, MA, USA, 2020, pp. 525-528, doi: 10.1109/MWSCAS48704.2020.9184703.
  • M. S. Ara Shawkat and N. McFarlane, “Fundamentals of Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diodes used in Silicon Photomultipliers for Nuclear Imaging,” IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference,  Manchester, United Kingdom, 2019, pp. 1-2, doi: 10.1109/NSS/MIC42101.2019.9059906.
  • A. Hedayatipour, K. Anderson, S. Aslanzadeh, D. Brown, D. Materassi, , and N. McFarlane, “A Temperature Sensing System with Encrypted Readout Using Analog Circuits,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems,” Dallas TX, 4 pages, Aug 2019.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat, M. S. Hasan, and N. McFarlane, “Modeling of Silicon Photomultiplier Based on Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diode,”  IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems,” Dallas TX, 4 pages, Aug 2019.
  • M. A. Haque, N. McFarlane, D. Hensley, and N. V. Lavrik, “Carbonized Polymer Nanostructures for Biosensing,” Advanced Semiconductor Manufacturing Conference, 5 pages, May 2019.
  • M. A. Haque, N. McFarlane, D. Hensley, and N. V. Lavrik, “Carbonized Electrodes for Electrochemical Sensing,” IEEE Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Las Vegas NV, 6 pages, May 2019.
  • S. Aslanzadeh, A. Hedayatipour, S. H. Hesari, and N. McFarlane, “A Low-Power Voltage-Clamped CMOS pH to Frequency Sensor,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Sapporo, Japan, 5 pages, My 2019
  • A. Hedayatipour, K. Anderson, and N. McFarlane, “Live Demonstration: A Temperature Sensor with Analog Encryption,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Sapporo, Japan, 1 page, May 2019.
  • A. Hedayatipour, S. Hesari, S. Aslanzadeh, V. Mohan, R. Oueslati, B. Blalock, and N. McFarlane, “Low Cost Paper Based Electrochemical Sensing System,” IEEE SoutheastCon, Huntsville, AL, USA, pp. 1-6 April 2019.
  • S. Aslanzadeh, A. Hedayatipour, M. S. Ara Shawkat and N. McFarlane, “A Differential Low-Power Voltage-Clamped ISFET Topology for Biomedical Applications,” IEEE Dallas Circuits and Systems Conference, Dallas, TX, USA, pp. 1-4, Nov 2018.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat and N. McFarlane, “CMOS Perimeter Gated SPAD Based Digital Silicon Photomultiplier with Asynchronous AER Readout for PET Applications,” IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, Cleveland, OH, 4 pages, Oct 2018.
  • A. Hedayatipour, M. A. Haque, and N. McFarlane, “Quasi-Digital Output Low Power CMOS Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Windsor, ON, 4 pages, Aug 2018.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat and N. McFarlane, “A CMOS Perimeter Gated SPAD Based Mini-Digital Silicon Photomultiplier,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Windsor, ON, 4 pages, Aug 2018.
  • A. Shanta, S. Shamsir, Y. Song, D. Hensley, A. Rondinone, S. Islam, and N. McFarlane “Carbon Nanospikes on Silicon Wafer for Amperometric Biosensing Applications,” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Conference, Honolulu HI, pp. 4281-4284, July 2018.
  • K. Mamun and N. McFarlane, “Live Demonstration: Portable Bowel Sound Identification System,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Florence, Italy, 1 page, May 2018.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat, M. H. U. Habib, and N. McFarlane, “Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diodes in sub-micron and deep-submicron CMOS processes,” Connecticut Microelectronics and Optoelectronics Consortium Symposium, New Haven, CT, 2 pages, Apr 2018.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat, and N. McFarlane, “A Differential ISFET pH Sensor,” IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, Scotland, Nov 2017.
  • M. H. U. Habib, M. S. A. Shawkat, and N. McFarlane, “A Tunable Single Photon Avalanche Diode Pixel with Improved Time Resolution,” IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, Scotland, Nov 2017.
  • A. Hedayatipour, A. S. Shanta, N. McFarlane, “A Sub-μW CMOS Temperature to Frequency Sensor for Implantable Devices,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Boston, MA, 4 pages, Aug 2017.
  • A. S. Shanta, K. Mamun, D. Hensley, N. Lavrik, S. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Carbon Nanospikes for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Jeju-do, South Korea, 4 pages, Jul 2017.
  • M. S. A. Shawkat and N. McFarlane, “A Single-Chip ISFET based pH Sensor,” IEEE Sensors, Orlando, FL, pp. 1-3, Oct 2016.
  • M. H. U. Habib, M. S. A. Shawkat, and N. McFarlane, “Improved Signal to Noise Ratio Across the Spectral Range for CMOS Silicon Photomultipliers,” IEEE Sensors, Orlando, FL, pp. 1-3, Oct 2016.
  • K. A. Mamun, S. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Integration of Carbon Nanostructures on CMOS for Lab-on-a-Chip Sensing,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems CASFEST conference – Lab-on-CMOS (LoCMOS), Montreal, Canada, pp. 2879-2882, May 26, 2016.
  • S. K. Islam, A. S. Shanta, K A. Al Mamun, N. McFarlane, D Hensley, and I Kravchenko, “Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofiber and its Applications as a Sensor,” Connecticut Microelectronics and Optoelectronics Consortium, Storrs, CT, 2 pages, Apr 2016.
  • K. A. Al Mamun, S. K. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Design and Implementation of an Integrated Lab-on-a-Chip Biosensor Platform for Diabetic Care Systems,” Late News, Connecticut Microelectronics and Optoelectronics Consortium, Storrs, CT, 2 pages, Apr 2016.
  • Y. Yu, K. A. Al Mamun, S. K. Islam and N. McFarlane, “Cell Impedance Sensing System Based on Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers,” IEEE Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Conference, Anchorage, AK,, pp. 1-2, Sep 2015.
  • M.H.U. Habib and N. McFarlane, “A Perimeter Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diode Based Silicon Photomultiplier as Optical Detector,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Fort Collins, CO, pp. 1-4, Aug 2015.
  • J. Gu and N. McFarlane, “A Low Power Multi-Frequency Current Mode Lock-in Amplifier for Impedance Sensing,” IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Pisa, Italy, pp 494-499, May, 2015.
  • K. A. Al Mamun, M. H. U. Habib, N. McFarlane, and N. Paul, “A Low Power Integrated Bowel Sound Measurement System,” IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Pisa, Italy, pp. 779 – 783, May, 2015.
  • K. A. Al Mamun and N. McFarlane, “A CMOS Potentiostatic Glucose Monitoring System for VACNF Amperometric Biosensors,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 1933 – 1936, May, 2015.
  • M. H. U. Habib, F. Quaiyum, S. K. Islam, and N. McFarlane, “Optimization of Perimeter Gated SPADs in a Standard CMOS Process,” IEEE Sensors, Valencia, Spain, pp. 1668-1671, Nov 2014.
  • M. H. U. Habib, K. A. Mamun, and N. McFarlane, “A SPICE Model for Perimeter-Gated Single Photon Avalanche Diode,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, College Station, TX, pp. 290-293, Aug 2014.
  • M.H.U. Habib, F. Quaiyum, K. A. Al Mamun, N. McFarlane, and S. K. Islam, “A Model of Single Photon Avalanche Diode,” Connecticut Microelectronics and Optoelectronics Consortium, Storrs, CT, 2 pages, Apr 2014.
  • K. A. Mamun, F.S. Tulip, K. MacArthur, D. Hensley, I. I. Kravchenko, N. McFarlane, and S.K. Islam, “A Robust VACNF Platform for Electrochemical Biosensor,” IEEE Sensors, Baltimore, MD, pp. 1783-1786, Nov 2013.
  • K.A. Mamun, D. Bishai, N. McFarlane, “A 10.6μm x 10.6μm CMOS SPAD with Integrated Readout,” IEEE Sensors, Baltimore, MD, pp. 1684-1687, Nov 2013.
  • N. Paul, N. Henry, and N. McFarlane, “Using Bowel Sounds to Create a Forensically-aware Insulin Pump System,” USENIX conference on Safety, Security, Privacy and Interoperability of Health Information Technologies, Washington DC, 8 pages, Aug 2013.
  • K. A. Al Mamun and N. McFarlane, “A Low-Power Low-Noise Transimpedance Amplifier for an Integrated Biosensing Platform,” IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Columbus, OH, pp.730-733, Aug 2013.
  • K. A. Al Mamun, K. C. MacArthur, F. S. Tulip, D. Hensley, N. McFarlane, and S. K. Islam, “Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofiber Forest Biosensing Platform for Wide Range Glucose Detection,” Connecticut Microelectronics and Optoelectronics Consortium, Storrs, CT, 2 pages, Apr 2013.
  • N. McFarlane and J. Gu, “Low Power Current Mode Ramp ADC for Multi-Frequency Cell Impedance Measurement,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Boise, ID, pp. 1016-1019, Aug 2012.
  • K. C. MacArthur, K. A. Al Mamun, F. S. Tulip, N. McFarlane, and S. K. Islam, “Fabrication and Characterization of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers as a Biosensor Platform for hypoglycemia,” Lester Eastman Conference on High Performance Devices, Providence, RI, pp 46-47, Aug 2012.
  • N. McFarlane, “An Analysis of the Information Efficiency of Single Photon Avalanche Diodes,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Boise, ID, pp. 730-733, Aug 2012.
  • N. McFarlane and P. Abshire, “Comparative Analysis of Information Rates of Simple Amplifier Topologies,” IEEE Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 785 – 788, May 2011.
  • T. Hamilton, N. Nelson, D. Sander, and P. Abshire, “A Cell Impedance Sensor Based on a Silicon Cochlea,” IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, Beijing, China, pp. 117-120, Nov 2009.
  • M. Dandin, J. Gallagher, M. Piyasena, N. Nelson, I. D. Jung, M. Urdaneta, E Smela, and P. Abshire, “Post-CMOS Packaging Methods for Integrated Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors, Christchurch, New Zealand, pp. 795-798, Oct 2009.
  • N. Nelson and P. Abshire, “Information Transmission Using a Generalized Chopper Amplifier: Comparison of Modulation Schemes,” IEEE Conference on Information System and Sciences, Baltimore, MD, pp. 468-472, Mar 2009.
  • D. Sander, N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Noise Model, Analysis and Characterization of a Differential Active Pixel Sensor,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Seattle, WA, pp. 1780-1783, May 2008.
  • D. Sander, N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Integration Time Optimization for Integrating Photosensors,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Seattle, WA, pp. 2354-2357, May 2008.
  • N. Nelson, D. Sander, M. Dandin, A. Sarje, S. Prakash, H. Ji, and P. A. Abshire, “A Handheld Fluorometer for Measuring Cellular Metabolism,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Seattle, WA, pp. 1080-1083, May 2008.
  • N. Nelson, S. Prakash, D. Sander, M. Dandin, A. Sarje, H. Ji, and P. A. Abshire, “A Handheld Fluorometer for UV Excitable Fluorescence Assays,” IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, Montreal, Quebec, pp. 111-114, Nov 2007.
  • M. P. Dandin, N. Nelson, H. Ji, and P. Abshire, “Single Photon Avalanche Detectors in Standard CMOS,” IEEE Sensors, Atlanta, GA, pp. 585-588, Oct 2007.
  • N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Chopper Modulation Improves OTA Information Transmission,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Orleans, LA, pp. 2275-2278, May 2007.
  • D. Sander, M. Dandin, H. Ji, N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Low-noise CMOS Fluorescence Sensor,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Orleans, LA, pp. 2007-2010, May 2007.
  • N. Nelson and P. Abshire, “An Information Theoretic Approach to Optimal Amplifier Operation,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Cincinnati, OH, vol. 1, pp. 13-16, Aug 2005.
  • N. Nelson, S. Krishnamoorthy, and P. Abshire, “Current Mode Imager with Nonuniformity Correction and Edge Detection,” IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Cincinnati, OH, vol. 1, pp. 392-395, Aug 2005.
  • S. Prakash, N. Nelson, A. Haas, V. Jeng, P. Abshire, M. Urdaneta, and E. Smela, “BioLabs-On-A-Chip: Monitoring Cells Using CMOS Biosensors,” IEEE/NLM Life Science Systems and Applications Workshop, Bethesda, Md, pp. 1-2, Jul 2006.
  • M. Urdaneta, M. Christophersen, E. Smela, S. Prakash, N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Cell Clinics Technology Platform for Cell-Based Sensing,” IEEE/NLM Life Science Systems and Applications Workshop, Bethesda, MD, pp. 1-2, Jul 2006.
  • Y. Liu, E. Smela, N. Nelson, and P. Abshire, “Cell-lab on a chip: a CMOS-based Microsystem for Culturing and Monitoring Cells,” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, San Francisco, CA, vol. 1, pp. 2534-2537, Sep 2004.
  • N. Reeves, Y. Liu, N. Nelson, S. Malhotra, M. Loganathan, J.M. Lauestein, C. Chaiyupatumpa, E. Smela, and P. Abshire, “Integrated MEMS Structures and CMOS Circuits for Bioelectronic Interface with Single Cells,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Vancouver, BC, vol. 3, pp. III-673-676, May 2004.